Properties of engine oils
Most motor oils are made from a heavier, thicker petroleum hydrocarbon base stock derived from crude oil, with additives to improve certain properties. The bulk of a typical motor oil consists of hydrocarbons with between 18 and 34 carbon atoms per molecule.7 One of the most important properties of motor oil in maintaining a lubricating film between moving parts is its viscosity. The viscosity of a liquid can be thought of as its "thickness" or a measure of its resistance to flow. The viscosity must be high enough to maintain a lubricating film, but low enough that the oil can flow around the engine parts under all conditions. The viscosity index is a measure of how much the oil's viscosity changes as temperature changes. A higher viscosity index indicates the viscosity changes less with temperature than a lower viscosity index.
Motor oil must be able to flow adequately at the lowest temperature it is expected to experience in order to minimize metal to metal contact between moving parts upon starting up the engine. The pour point defined first this property of motor oil, as defined by ASTM D97 as "... an index of the lowest temperature of its utility ..." for a given application,8 but the "cold cranking simulator" (CCS, see ASTM D5293-08) and "Mini-Rotary Viscometer" (MRV, see ASTM D3829-02(2007), ASTM D4684-08) are today the properties required in motor oil specs and define the SAE classifications.
Oil is largely composed of hydrocarbons which can burn if ignited. Still another important property of motor oil is its flash point, the lowest temperature at which the oil gives off vapors which can ignite. It is dangerous for the oil in a motor to ignite and burn, so a high flash point is desirable. At a petroleum refinery, fractional distillation separates a motor oil fraction from other crude oil fractions, removing the more volatile components, and therefore increasing the oil's flash point (reducing its tendency to burn).
Another manipulated property of motor oil is its Total base number (TBN), which is a measurement of the reserve alkalinity of an oil, meaning its ability to neutralize acids. The resulting quantity is determined as mg KOH/ (gram of lubricant). Analogously, Total acid number (TAN) is the measure of a lubricant's acidity. Other tests include zinc, phosphorus, or sulfur content, and testing for excessive foaming.
The NOACK volatility (ASTM D-5800) Test determines the physical evaporation loss of lubricants in high temperature service. A maximum of 14% evaporation loss is allowable to meet API SL and ILSAC GF-3 specifications. Some automotive OEM oil specifications require lower than 10%.
Additional improvement brakes
The car, whose task is to overcome certain of kilometers at high speed, must be to the drive properly prepared. First of all, it is designed so as to be able to securely develop a very high speed, while still maintaining good traction and braking ability immediately. To be able to respond rapidly to changing situations, however, it must be equipped with brakes that have additional improvements. It is also important to have tires with extremely good quality. A major role is also played by pouring into a professional car engine oil, which will make the engine will be well bore all the burden of rapid, racing ride.
What parts should we choose?
Car repairs are not always as simple as it might seem, and sometimes they involve complicated procedures, the need to break down the car for parts and replacement of individual components. Some of them are quite cheap, the other obviously a lot more expensive, and in addition to the choice we have many manufacturers and various alternatives. Which one should choose for our cars? Ideally, of course, when we focus on these original, designed specifically for your vehicle, because in this way we ensure that they will work as it should. Everyone certainly knows perfectly well that they are slightly more expensive, but on the cars not worth saving. They should always be smooth and secure.